Rabbit Hutches and Cages

If you are looking for a home for your new pet rabbit, this article will provide you with all the information you will need to make an informed decision about selecting an appropriate habitat  for them. There are several options of rabbit cages and hutches and deciding on which one will depend on several factors.  These include the size and type of your rabbit, how much space you have for a habitat, the budget you have for building or buying a rabbit house and whether you intended to keep your new pet indoors or outdoors.

Housing Size Requirements

While you can never have too large of a habitat, you can have too small of one. There are a few minimum requirements that need to be met and if you can’t provide these, you should instead consider getting a smaller pet like a hamster, guinea-pig or chinchilla. For one rabbit (even dwarf size bunnies), the minimum length of a cage must be at least 4 feet (122cm). That’s about three hops long. In terms of width, the minimum length needs to be at least 2 feet (61cm). That’s about 1.5 hops wide. The height of the cage needs to be tall enough for your pet bunny to stand straight up without having its ears touch the roof of the cage. Roughly, that should be about 18 to 24 inches (46-61cm) high.

Mother Rabbit and Baby

You rabbit’s cage should be a minimum of L 2′ x W 4′ x H 18-24″ (61cm x 122cm x 46-61cm). If you can’t provide this, don’t keep a rabbit as a pet.

If you go to a pet store to purchase a rabbit hutch or cage, be aware that not all of the options available are big enough for a rabbit. Even if the sticker says, suitable for rabbits and bunnies, if it doesn’t meet the minimum size requirements, avoid purchasing it. Furthermore, if you think a smaller cage will be okay because you plan to let your little guy hop around the yard everyday, if you can’t say for certain that you will be home every single day to do this, don’t get that smaller cage. There might be a time you go on vacation or can’t make it home for some unforeseen reason.

Indoor vs Outdoor Habitats

A rabbit hutch is a type of structure intended to house pet rabbits. Specifically, they are habitats that are place outside in a backyard, or on an outdoor patio. An indoor cage is typically a smaller habitat that is portable. Below we will discuss the pros and cons of choosing to house your pets inside or outside in these various structures.

Outdoor Rabbit Hutches

Let’s get a few things out of the way right away; it’s not a good plan to simply let your pet live in your fenced backyard, your bunny rabbit likely wouldn’t last long. No matter how secure your fencing is, predators will have little trouble getting into your backyard. The other thing to know is that some states or cities have laws about allowing pet rabbits to be housed outside. The reason for these laws are to limit the possibility for your rabbits to get out, breed and ruin the ecosystem by out-competing native species for the limited resources in the area. For this reason, look into your local laws and see if it is allowed.

Outdoor hutches used to be the only way to keep pet rabbits but now that more research has been done on rabbit care, these homes are not as popular of an option anymore. Rabbits in these types of cages often become neglected by their owners. Your bunnies need to be able to get out everyday to stretch their legs everyday and if an owner thinks of their hutch as a type of fish tank, their rabbits won’t have a good quality of life since they will be confined to a small space for long periods of time. Additionally, a bunny kept out in the elements will be have to contend with the heat of summer, the cold of winter and any number of predators.

If you can’t provide this standard of care, you risk your pets falling ill to a list of rabbit health problems. Some of these issues are not too much to be concerned about while others can lead to expensive vet visits and a shortened lifespan of your pet. This is why housing your bunny indoors is the preferred method these days.

However, if you are a good owner, you can successfully keep a pet rabbit outdoors by sticking to some of these rules:

  • Get the largest hutch you can afford and have the space for.
  • Place it in a location that is NOT in the sunlight for long periods of the day or in cold drafty areas.
  • Must have good ventilation to avoid ammonia build up. (10 air exchanges per hour)
  • Ensure all the latches and sides are secure enough to keep any predators out (mosquito nets when needed).
  • Add a hide box so you bunnies have a place to retreat and hide in when they become stressed.

Indoor Rabbit Cages

There are many benefits of allowing you rabbits to live inside your home:

  • It’s much easier to train them to be handled and come when you call them.
  • Your bunnies will have the ability to roam freely and interact with you on a daily basis.
  • You can observe their behavior more easily and spot signs of illness sooner than if the lived outside.
  • They are protected from the elements and predators and less likely to become ill.

Similar to the reason why you shouldn’t let your rabbits roam free unsupervised in your backyard, you should take similar precautions and provide them with a cage for their protection and the protection of your possessions. This is especially important if you have other pets in the house that might want to uses your pet rabbit as a chew toy. You should place your bunny’s cage in a draft free, non damp location that is quiet but not isolated. You should avoid placing it on the floor or near drafty window or doors.

This cage should be portable and doesn’t need to be as large as an outdoor hutch. It won’t require a solid roof or any mosquito screening. The cage should have a large access door on the side and top for cleaning purposes. To make you bunny feel more at home, you should provide it with a small hide box that it can retreat to. This especially important if you have a house full of children or high traffic volume.

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