An abscess is a localized pus collection in any part of the body that often becomes swollen and inflamed. This pus is actually a collection of white blood cells that have built up in attempt to fight off some sort of illness and dead tissue. The types of hamster illnesses that can cause and abscess usually involve a bacterial infection. Even with the best hamster care, an abscess can appear.
Signs and Symptoms
Swelling beneath the skin that appear raised and red. These abscesses can be soft to the touch or hard if the abscess is long lasting. On occasion there can be discharge that will make the hamster’s coat wet or matted. An abscess right beneath the skin are easy to see but internal abscesses are difficult to detect. Related illnesses caused by a hamster abscess can include anorexia, respiratory problems or painful abdominal problems.
What are the Causes
The most common cause of a hamster abscess is due to a bacterial infection that enters the body of a hamster through a scratch, scrape or open wound but it could also be caused by parasites or a foreign substance that makes its way into the body. An abscess on the face is often cause by some sort of hamster teeth problem like tooth decay. The bacteria that is most often the culprit of a growth of an abscess is Staphylococcus aureus, Pasteurella pneumotropica and Streptococcus species.
How to Treat It
The way to treat a ill hamster with an abscess is to have it lanced off by a veterinarian or medical professional or to treat it with a salt water solution or disinfectant. Some hamster owners make a thyme tea to help rinse and treat these. Antibiotics may be needed to treat multiple or particularly large abscesses. Tooth related abscesses need to be treated by a vet and often requires the infected or rotten tooth to be removed.