“What is hypothyroidism?” is the first question that comes to mind to any bet owner or lover, especially to dogs. Hypothyroidism in dogs is a disorder in the endocrine in which an underactive thyroid gland produces insufficient hormone levels. This can be caused by the shrinkage or inflammation of the thyroid gland found in the neck, which produces hormones used for the proper functioning of the body of the animal. The disease can also be caused by the damaging of the thyroid gland. The two primary causes of primary hypothyroidism in dogs are idiopathic atrophy and lymphocytic thyroiditis of the thyroid gland. Idiopathic atrophy is characterized by the loss of the thyroid parenchyma, which is replaced by adipose tissue. Lymphocytic thyroiditis is characterized by infiltration of the gland by the plasma cells, lymphocytes, and macrophages that progressively destroy the follicles and secondary fibrosis.
The most common symptoms include hair loss, especially on the dog’s trunk, tail, and the back of the rear legs. The second symptom is dulling of the coat and thinning, which might cause black patches on the skin. One rather contradicting symptom is weight gain regardless of appetite loss, sluggishness, muscle loss, and intolerance to the cold. Dogs with hypothyroidism often have ear infections that are characterized by redness, odor, and pain. Many other professional vets believe that the immune system attacks thyroids which affect their normal functioning.
Hypothyroidism is prevalent in medium to large breed dogs that are middle-aged.
Breeds affected by this disease include the
- Irish setters
- Golden retrievers
- Doberman pinchers
- English Bulldogs
- Great Danes
- Miniature Schnauzers
- Afghan Hounds
- Chinese Shar-Pei
The Irish Setters are good family dogs that are cheerful and affectionate and, most importantly, are good with children. They are known to be energetic, playful, and mischievous, and if not well monitored, they can be of no good. When it comes to health, they are resilient, and the majority of them boast of good health despite being prone to this disease.
The English Bulldog is one of my favorite dogs only because of its appearance. The extremely short muzzle coupled with its large and spherical head gives the dog’s face a flattened appearance that makes it more unique and cuter. Its personality comes in handy; the gentle and sweet personality makes it a good pick for many families. It is a predictable and dependable dog due to its loving nature, especially with children. The only bad thing is the health issues that are associated with bulldogs. They require serious attention and regular care due to the nature of its body. Excessive wrinkles can harbor bacteria and other disease-causing agents hence the need for regular cleaning and disinfection processes.
Doberman pinchers are the companion that is faithful and faithful. Their traits are what everybody wants, devoted and obedient, they are easily motivated, and above all, they are energetic and athletic, which is good for any family set up. They are susceptible to viral and bacterial infections, but generally, they are a healthy breed of dogs.