Water Iris Varieties
There are many iris varieties, all of which have different growing requirements. Only a handful of iris species are considered hydrophilic (water-loving irises); generically called water irises. To avoid confusion the scientific names of water irises include the following.
- I. pseudacorus. (Yellow flag iris)
- I. sibirica. (siberian iris)
- I. Hexagonae (Louisiana iris)
- I. versicolor (Kermesina iris)
- I. missouriensis (Rocky Mountain Iris)
- I. laevigata (Rabbit-ear iris)
- I. virginica (Southern blue flag)
- I. ensata (Anytus iris)
- I. kimballii
- I. setosa
Grow Water Iris
In the fall, plant water iris plants in pond plant baskets that are wider than they are tall and at a depth of up to 6 inches (15cm). This allows the roots of the water iris to spread out but still be confined to the pond plant basket. Roots not in a pond basket can spread like crazy making it harder to cut them back and potentially puncture a pond liner. In a goldfish pond that doesn’t contain a liner, water irises can be planted completely out of the water in the wet sandy loam banks of the pond. Some species tolerate periods of dryness but typically prefer to have moist to wet soil year around. Place these plants in areas where they receive at least half to full sun. Fertilize regularly throughout the growing and blooming season.
Divide Water Iris
In warmer climates, new growth can begin in November but normally growth begins in the spring. A water iris plant will bloom in the spring and continue to grow into the summer. Warmer summer temperatures will slow the growth and cause some shoots to dieback. The best time to propagate and divide a water iris plant is after flowering in the fall. This occurs at different times and depends on the hardiness zone. In warmer climates, it’s even possible for multiple blooms in the spring and fall. See more on Fall Pond Care.
- Remove the water iris from the pond plant basket.
- Wash the root clumps to see the root structure more easily.
- Separate groups of leaves and pull apart the water iris (a few leaves attached to a small root clump.)
- Use a knife to cut back most of the roots and leaving only a few inches of roots.
- Cutback the foliage to about four inches tall.
- Individually replant the divided plants into pond plant baskets.
- Water, top with gravel, and place into the margins of the goldfish pond.
Pond plants can help protect your goldfish from predators